Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss for people over the age of 40, although they can develop at younger ages and even be present at birth. While cataracts are considered to be a normal part of the aging process, there are a number of factors that can lead to early onset such as Diabetes, ultra violet radiation exposure, drugs, smoking, and nutritional deficiencies.
How is a cataract treated?
The treatment of cataracts is based on the level of visual impairment they cause.
If a cataract only minimally affects a person's vision no treatment may be needed. Patients are typically advised of
their formation and are encouraged to monitor for increased visual symptoms and schedule regular follow-ups
to track their progression.
In some cases, a simple change in eyeglass prescription may provide temporary improvement in visual acuity. In cases
such as these, increasing the amount of light around while reading or adding an anti-glare coating to your lenses can
help reduce glare and eyestrain.
When a cataract progresses to the point that it affects a person's ability to do normal everyday tasks, surgery may be needed. Cataract surgery involves removing the lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens. The artificial lens requires no care and significantly improves vision. Cataract surgeries are typically out-patient procedures and allow the patient to return home that same day. If surgery is recommended, Dr. Ruan can recommend highly skilled and qualified surgeons in the area and will provide follow-up care throughout the process to make sure there are absolutely no complications.